architecture : urban : visual culture

Ormánság Hemp - Sellye

The subject of the thesis is the design of a hemp processing plant in Sellye, in Ormánság, which would be housed in a farmyard granary and stables linked to the Draskovich family in the 1800s. Unemployment is typical for the landscape, and the hemp would employ dozens of people, both in-house and in agriculture, as a solution for unemployment. The plan received a Marcell Breuer Diploma Award and was wont the 1st place on Wienerberger Diploma Prize. 

Choosing a topic - raising a problem

The topic is closely related to the area. This area is Ormánság. This region of 45 small villages can be found in the southern part of Baranya County. There are many opportunities, but we can find deserted villages, empty houses, sometimes with abandoned arable land as well. Unemployment is high in the area, just a few jobs and few opportunities are being created for better livelihood; despite there are opportunities in the area. The main goal of my thesis is to pick out one of these possibilities.


Ormánság Hemp - Sellye, Architect: Sárosi Judit, 2019.


Problem-solving:

The thought of how to wake up an ever-losing landscape and bring it back to life can be traced back to creating workplaces. Comparing the traditions of the area and the problem of the lack of work, a job that is related to agriculture can be considered. Thus, by examining the area, the conditions and the traditions, the realization of a hemp processing plant could serve as the first step towards development. The plant can employ one or two dozen people a year, and cultivating the land is a labour-intensive task. The production of industrial hemp is permitted in Hungary. 

By processing various parts of the plant, we can produce paper, protein, pellets, hemp seed oil, medicines and up to 25,000 more products. The main profile of the Ormánság hemp factory could be the production of a very good thermal insulation material and research on the topic of hemp concrete, hemp brick building materials. The rest of the plant (seeds, leaves) would be sold as raw material.


Ormánság Hemp - Sellye, Architect: Sárosi Judit, 2019.

Ormánság Hemp - Sellye, Architect: Sárosi Judit, 2019.


Place:

When selecting the location it was important to keep in mind the needs of the farm's agri-environment, but due to its visibility and educational character, it is advisable to locate it close to downtown.

On the western side of the Draskovich Castle Park's southern axis is the former estate granary and barn, just a few minutes from downtown but in an agricultural environment. 

For example, there is a feed drying facility in the neighbourhood of the area. Due to the proximity of the centre, its proximity to local workers and students is not a long-distance every day. The area is reachable from the outermost part of town within minutes by car, on foot, by bicycle. Due to the small scale of the city, there is already a burden and agricultural traffic outside of the city, as evidenced for the neighbouring feed drying plant and agricultural vocational school. There are no residential buildings near the planning area, so the public will not be disturbed by the noise of lorries delivering at the time of harvest or delivering the finished product.


Ormánság Hemp - Sellye, Architect: Sárosi Judit, 2019.

Ormánság Hemp - Sellye, Architect: Sárosi Judit, 2019.


Concept:

Installation:

Installation: As it stands, the granary is located in an east-west direction, parallel to the southern facade of the castle and perpendicular to the southern axis of the park. The barn is parallel to the same axis, so it is perpendicular to the barn. There is a distance of 25.5 meters between the two buildings, which allows the insertion of a new smaller mass. This crowd is important for welcoming visitors from the direction of the castle; it closes the inner courtyard and forms a proportionate entrance situation. With its modern image, it formulates development, taking a new direction in the region, but incorporates the old and preserves traditions. If we look at this node in a tentative sense, the new building means for the locals the new material (hemp heat insulation), and the old value is the facade presented in the representative interior space, which symbolizes a tradition: people are working on hemp again.

It is important to keep the existing buildings in their original form, which is why I designed the new ones in return. As these buildings do not have enough floor space to accommodate all the features planned for the hemp work, additional building wings were needed. I placed the new building wings to form a frame, creating an interior cozy courtyard, following the example of the castle. The crowd formed is completely circular, connected to the outside and the street. This is an important consideration for functional diversity, as different directions receive different audience traffic. Visitors arrive from the north; the southern facade of the barn welcomes the workers, while the traffic comes from the more closed west side. The south entrance is ideal for the employees due to the easy access for the street and this entrance is the closest to the car park. This is the route to the neighbouring sites. This is most advantageous in the interior layout of the building as the various workstations are equally spaced from here.

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