architecture : urban : visual culture

A monolithic block: the Regional Blood Center of Pécs

The monolithic block appearing as a simple column, the fine angle fractures and solid translucent surfaces characterize the Regional Blood Center of Pécs, designed by László Hodossy, Zoltán Földesi, Róbert Gulyás, Zoltán Schrammel and János Máté

There are only few types of buildings that could display in parallel the most advanced technology and humanism more beautifully than a blood center. It is partly mysterious to outsiders how the most valuable body fluid starts its scientific journey of getting transformed to a life-saving drug in advanced equipment and skilled hands; it is partly heartbreaking when blood trailer hastily starts to a hospital; and it is partly uplifting to see the circulation of helping donors. This duality can be architecturally answered only if the architect had the power to strongly emphasize the public building character, to create openness and transparency, and also to perfectly serve the function.
Separating the internal circulation is a functional requirement. Although the preparation of the blood product is done in a closed system; but the process requires strict hygienic and technological standards (GMP) in which there is no place for a stranger. The spaces for the donors, however, should be characterized by openness and comfort, as this is a strategic issue too. 

The building appears as a monolithic mass that emerges from a simple column form with fine angle fractures. There are no conventional windows on the building, a unity dominates instead, arising from the fine-tuning of the proportion of compact and large transparent surfaces. The openings’ sizes reflect the importance of the rooms behind them, and also provide transparency for the outsiders.

The building’s design is sensitive to the terrain, so it floats above the basement level slightly retracted on the southeast side and above the green area.



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